Funding for scientific research in the areas of science, technology and social science are often referred to as research grants. Most research grants funds originate from three major sources: Foundation research grants, corporate research grants and government research grants. While the primary missions are almost identical, the grant research required is methodically different.
Foundation Research Grants
One of the most prolific providers of foundation research grants is the Henry Frank Guggenheim Foundation. Areas of interest to the foundation concern violence and aggression in relation to social change, intergroup conflict, war, terrorism, crime, and family relationships, among other subjects. The foundation awards research grants to individuals for specific individual projects. Most awards from this foundation fall within the range of $15,000 to $40,000 per year for periods of up to two years.
The Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation Individual Grants Program was founded on the understanding that effective treatments for acute and chronic spinal cord injury will involve carefully orchestrated multi-disciplinary interventions. At its December 15, 2010 application awards cycle, the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation received 132 research proposals requesting over $18 million in research funds.
Corporate Research Grants
In May 2010, the Mary Kay Foundation awarded $1.3 million in foundation research grants to select doctors and medical scientists focusing on curing cancers that affect women. Since the year 1996, the Mary Kay Foundation has given more than $14 million total to support this defined effort.
The Intel Research Council, funds IT awards via corporate research grants worldwide university research projects designed to advance key focus sponsored research areas. Today, more than two hundred and fifty Intel sponsored research engagements are underway at universities throughout the world.
Government Research Grants
Exceeding all awarded foundation and corporate sponsored research grants combined are government research grants. The three major research granting arms of the U.S. Government are the NIH, the NSF and the DOD.
The National Institutes of Health offers millions upon millions of dollars annually to universities, medical clinics, physicians and scientists in hopes of combating and curing illness and disease. Finding cures for cancer and advances in combat related treatments and modalities are the most funded programs from the NIH. The National Science Foundation funds federal research grants in support of quantum computing, algorithmic IT concepts which benefit populations and the military and of course, space programs. The NSF also funds related scientific and technical projects.
The DOD offers government research grants in support of Homeland Security, the U.S. Military and awards billions of dollars annually to businesses, institutions and scientists. The Department of Defense is always looking out for new and innovative projects to support.
Research grants play an important part in the cure of disease, in support of quantum computing and keeping the citizens of America safe. Most research grants funds originate from three major sources: Foundation research grants, corporate research grants and government research grants.